The Single Market: an opportunity for consumers
The Single Market was established in 1993 and since then the necessity to harmonize the European economies and the idea to create a monetary union have become concrete realities.
Physical, custom and administrative barriers have fallen, but there are still sectors that have not been fully harmonized yet.
Nowadays 28 Member States mean a Single Market of almost 500 million consumers. And Single Market means freedom of movement of goods, people and capitals. Thanks to the Schengen agreement most internal borders have been abolished and controls have been strengthened at the external borders. People can move freely within the EU and can work and live in another country. However some issues persist: recognition of academic and professional titles is still complicated, just to give an example.
Thanks to the Single Market consumers can make purchases from another country and save some money without having to pay custom rights. Also the creation of the Euro has facilitated crossborder purchases, because it eliminated the currency exchange rate between all the country using the Euro.
Competition has improved and as a consequence prices have decreased and the quality and the choice of goods has increased.
The Single Market since 1993 has offered great opportunities to European citizens, however there are still critical issues and sectors that need to be fully harmonized.
For mor information about the Single, take a look at: Europe in 12 lessons, freely downloadable from the EU bookshop.
Un po’ diversa la situazione del mercato dei servizi. In particolare quelli finanziari e dei trasporti si sono aperti più lentamente rispetto a quello delle merci, permanendo ancora mercati nazionali per i trasporti ferroviari ed aerei.
La creazione di una polizia senza frontiere e l’ampliamento della cooperazione in campo giuridico rappresentano i principali provvedimenti assunti per far fronte al rischio che la criminalità tragga giovamento dalla realizzazione del mercato interno
Insomma, tanti passi restano ancora da compiere per completare questa sfida, ma molti e significativi sono quelli già fatti.
Vi invitiamo a leggere le interessanti pagine dedicate all’”Europa in dodici lezioni” , gratuitamente scaricabili dal portale comunitario.